Nepal, small though it may, has so much to offer the visitor that each day of your journey through this ancient land will be a discovery. Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mount Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic.
Nepal - occupying only 0.1% of the earth - is home to:
- 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
- 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
- 4% of mammals on earth
- 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
- 600 indigenous plant families
- 319 species of exotic orchids
Nepal has been claimed as one of the best sightseeing destination among the tourists with all its varied language, tradition & unique hospitality of the people inhabited in the countryside. Hinduism & Buddhism are the two principal religions of Nepal along with other several religions followed by the people from different ethnic groups. The amazing & magnificent sight of the Himalayas, a diversity of beautiful landscape, all are beyond human imagination. Nepal has lots to offer to the world in the field of tourism.
The history of Nepal began in and centres on the Kathmandu valley. Over the centuries Nepal’s boundaries have extended to include tracts of neighbouring India and contracted little more than the Kathmandu valley and a handful of nearby city states. Nepal has been ruled by different dynasty and was saved by all great warriors at the time when enemy attacked our country and never back off or bowed their head to others. So, we Nepalese are proudly known as the brave Gorkhalis.
Map of Nepal
Nepal is a landlocked nation located in South Asia between India and the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu, which is also the largest metropolitan area, with about 5 million inhabitants.Nepal is divided into five development regions and fourteen zones. The development regions are Eastern Region, Central Region , Western Region , Mid-Western Region, and Far-Western Region. The fourteen zones of Nepal are Bagmati, Bheri, Dhawalagiri, Gandaki, Janakpur, Karnali, Koshi, Lumbini, Mahakali, Mechi, Narayani, Rapti, Sagarmatha, and Seti and consists of 75 districts.
Flag of Nepal
The flag of Nepal is unique one which is triangular in shape with the sun and the moon on it.The national flag of Nepal is the world’s only non quadrilateral national flagwhich is simplified combination of two single pennons, the vexillological word for pennant. Its crimson red is the colour of the rhododendron,the country’s national flower.
Talking about food there are varieties of foods which are mostly popular in Nepal. But according to Nepali culture dindo is the national food that one should try. Dhindo is a sugar free dish made up of either wheat or maize which is eaten with Gundruk. Dal,Bhat, Tarkari is another typical food that is popular among Nepalses and Foreigner too. Beside this Newari food like chatamari, bara, alu tama, choila are also being one of highest demand food in present context.
Nepalese culture is one of the best quality that Nepal have. Nepal is rich in culture and etiquette. The customary greeting is like saying Namaste to guests or shaking hands. Hospitality is essential and guests are always offered food. Many different ethnic groups coexist in Nepal with different lifestyles and customs but they all live in a harmony and they don’t forget to respect each other. Nepalese are devoted to Gods where there are different jatras, festivals and in that occasion there is ritual of sacrificing different animals which makes Nepali culture more is interesting.